Anthropogenic activities such as burning fossil fuels and cutting down forest have a profound effect on climate change. The burning of fossil fuels is the major contributor to the release of GHG. The higher the GHG emissions will lead to higher disaster consequences, where the atmosphere will trap more heat than it used to, leading to a warmer earth.

Global warming is known to increase the frequency and intensity of the natural disasters such as forest fires and flooding as well as sea level rise.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), it has been observed that the unusual changes of climate are due to the rate escalation of human activities in contributing GHG emission, causing approximately 1.0°C of global warming. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052 and if current rate of GHG emissions continues to increase. Climate change impacts beyond global warming of 2.0°C will leave irreversible catastrophic impacts.