Directive on Mandatory Reporting on Greenhouse Gases (GHG)
The Strategy 9: Carbon Inventory focuses on enhancing transparency and reliability in Brunei Darussalam's national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals by strengthening its Measuring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) system. The Measuring, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) team, along with Sector Leads in various sectors, coordinate the preparation and submission of GHG Inventories. They follow established methodologies to estimate emissions and removals based on IPCC guidelines, ensuring consistency in reporting. Recently, the reporting of GHG emissions and removals became mandatory through the introduction of the Mandatory Reporting Directive GHG. Facilities emitting or removing GHGs must submit reports quarterly and annually, promoting transparency and accuracy. A centralized online reporting platform is being developed to standardize data reporting and provide a user-friendly overview of GHG data. Additionally, a quality assurance exercise was conducted in 2022 by an independent team to strengthen inventory quality and transparency.
Brunei Darussalam is obligated to communicate its GHG inventories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) under the Paris Agreement through reports such as National Communications and Biennial Transparency Reports (BTRs). These reports, to be submitted every two and four years, respectively, ensure compliance with established standards. Although not mandatory, Brunei Darussalam conducts third-party verifications for its national GHG inventories prior to submission.
Overall, the Strategy aims to promote transparency and robustness in GHG emissions and removals through a strengthened MRV system. Mandatory reporting requirements, along with the development of a centralized reporting platform, facilitate timely and accurate data submission. Furthermore, quality assurance exercises and third-party verifications ensure compliance with international standards in communicating Brunei Darussalam's GHG inventories to the UNFCCC.